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A Lady Writing
A Lady Writing
Vermeer, Johannes
Circa 1665
Above all, Johannes Ver...
 
Title A Lady Writing
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date Circa 1665
Description Above all, Johannes Vermeer was a painter of light. In this exquisite painting, diffused light softly illuminates the tabletop, the woman's face, and her rich lemon-yellow morning jacket. Accents on the pearls decorating her jewelry box, her earrings, and her satin hair ribbons further enliven the image. The woman's open gaze engages the viewer, which suggests that the painting may be a portrait instead of a generalized portrayal of a young woman at her writing table. Johannes Vermeer became a master in the Saint Luke's Guild of Delft on December 29, 1653. At that time he specialized in history painting, and his first works were large-scale mythological and religious paintings. Shortly thereafter he began to paint the genre scenes, landscapes, and allegories for which he has become so renowned. Even though Vermeer's subject matter changed in the mid-1650s, he continued to imbue his later works with the quiet, intimate moods he had preferred in his early history paintings. His oeuvre is small: only thirty-five paintings are currently attributed to the master.
A Maid Asleep
A Maid Asleep
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1656_57
This picture is probabl...
 
Title A Maid Asleep
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1656_57
Description This picture is probably the earliest in which the Delft painter treats his favorite theme of a young woman, occasionally with a male companion, in a domestic interior. An overdressed maid has dozed off after entertaining a visitor (two glasses, a pitcher, and a jug may be seen in the jumbled still life). The painting above her depicts Cupid unmasked, an oblique explanation of her dreamy smile. Radiographs show that Vermeer originally painted a man in the background and a dog to the lower right. By replacing these motifs he made the amorous theme less obvious, quite as his remarkable passages of observation obscure his debts to contemporary painters like Nicolaes Maes.
A young woman seated at the virginals
A young woman seated at...
circa 1670-1672
A Young Woman Seated at...
 
Title A young woman seated at the virginals
Date circa 1670-1672
Description A Young Woman Seated at the Virginals is a painting generally attributed to Johannes Vermeer, though this was for a long time widely questioned. A series of technical examinations from 1993 onwards confirmed the attribution. It is thought to date from c.1670 and is now in part of the Leiden Collection in New York. It should not be confused with Young Woman Seated at a Virginal in the National Gallery, London, another of Vermeer's depictions of women playing virginals.
Allegory of the Catholic Faith
Allegory of the Catholi...
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1670_72
In this atypical painti...
 
Title Allegory of the Catholic Faith
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1670_72
Description In this atypical painting the artist employed a more abstractive style to suit the intellectual subject. The emotive figure of Faith with "the world at her feet" (according to Ripa�s compendium of allegories) casts her eyes to Heaven, symbolized by a glass sphere. On the floor, the apple of Original Sin sits near a serpent, representing Satan, who is crushed by Christ, the "cornerstone" of the church. The room, revealed behind a Flemish tapestry, looks like a chapel set up in a private house. Vermeer, who converted to Catholicism in order to marry, probably refers to the "hidden churches" where Catholics worshiped in the officially Protestant Dutch Republic.
Christ in the House of Martha and Mary
Christ in the House of ...
Vermeer, Johannes
Circa 1654-54
Seated Christ in the Ho...
 
Title Christ in the House of Martha and Mary
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date Circa 1654-54
Description Seated Christ in the House of Martha and Mary.
Diana and Her Companions
Diana and Her Companion...
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1655_1656 or 1653...
Diana and Her Companion...
 
Title Diana and Her Companions
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1655_1656 or 1653_1654
Description Diana and Her Companions is a painting by Dutch artist Johannes Vermeer completed in the early to mid-1650s, now at the Mauritshuis museum in The Hague. Although the exact year is unknown, the work may be the earliest painting of the artist still extant, with some art historians placing it before Christ in the House of Martha and Mary, some after. The painting's solemn mood is unusual for a scene depicting the goddess Diana, and the nymph washing the central figure's feet has captured the attention of critics and historians, both for her activity and contemporary clothing. Rather than directly illustrating one of the dramatic moments in well-known episodes from myths about Diana, the scene shows a woman and her attendants quietly at her toilette. The theme of a woman in a private, reflective moment would grow stronger in Vermeer's paintings as his career progressed. Nothing of the work's history before the mid-19th century is known, and the painting was not widely accepted as one of Vermeer's until the early 20th century, when its similarities with Mary and Martha were noticed. About one ninth of the painting's width has been removed from the right side, and it was not discovered until 1999 or 2000 was that the sky in the upper right-hand corner had been added in the 19th century.
Girl interrupted at her music
Girl interrupted at her...
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1658-61
Commentary: Music-makin...
 
Title Girl interrupted at her music
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1658-61
Description Commentary: Music-making, a recurring subject in Vermeer�s interior scenes, was associated in the seventeenth century with courtship. In this painting of a duet or music lesson momentarily interrupted, the amorous theme is reinforced by the picture of Cupid with raised left arm dimly visible in the background; the motif is derived from a popular book on emblems of love published in 1608 and symbolizes fidelity to a single lover. Source: Art in The Frick Collection: Paintings, Sculpture, Decorative Arts, New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996.
Girl Reading a Letter by an Open Window
Girl Reading a Letter b...
Vermeer, Johannes
Circa 1657_59
Girl Reading a Letter a...
 
Title Girl Reading a Letter by an Open Window
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date Circa 1657_59
Description Girl Reading a Letter at an Open Window is an oil painting by Dutch Baroque painter Johannes Vermeer. Completed in approximately 1657_1659, the well-preserved painting is on display at the Gem_ldegalerie in Dresden. For many years, the attribution of the painting�which features a young Dutch woman reading a letter before an open window�was lost, with first Rembrandt and then Pieter de Hooch being credited for the work before it was properly identified in 1880. After World War II, the painting was briefly in possession of the Soviet Union.
Girl with a Flute
Girl with a Flute
Vermeer, Johannes
Circa 1665-75
Girl with a Flute is on...
 
Title Girl with a Flute
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date Circa 1665-75
Description Girl with a Flute is only cautiously attributed to Johannes Vermeer. The general character, appearance, and some of the techniques of this work relate closely to Vermeer�s other works, especially to Girl with the Red Hat. The quality of execution, however, does not match the master�s standards, probably because the image was extensively revised in the seventeenth century. Girl with a Flute is one of only two paintings attributed to Vermeer that are on panel; the other is Girl with the Red Hat. The two works are so close in concept that one has to assume they were created at approximately the same time. In both paintings the young women interact directly with the viewer. Each wears an exotic hat that creates a strong shadow over the greater portion of her face. Each girl sits in a chair with lion finials, leans on one arm, and is framed by a wall tapestry of which only a fragment is visible. Because of the paintings� slightly different sizes, however, it is unlikely that they were conceived as companion pieces, as has frequently been asserted.
Girl with a Pearl Earring
Girl with a Pearl Earri...
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1665
Girl with a Pearl Earri...
 
Title Girl with a Pearl Earring
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1665
Description Girl with a Pearl Earring is a 17.5"x15.5" oil painting by 17th-century Dutch painter Johannes Vermeer. It is a tronie of a girl with a headscarf and a pearl earring. The painting has been in the collection of the Mauritshuis in The Hague since 1902.
Girl with the Red Hat
Girl with the Red Hat
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1665-66
Girl with the Red Hat i...
 
Title Girl with the Red Hat
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1665-66
Description Girl with the Red Hat is one of Johannes Vermeer's smallest works, and it is painted on panel rather than on his customary canvas. The girl has turned in her chair and interacts with the viewer through her direct gaze. Girl with the Red Hat is portrayed with unusual spontaneity and informality. The artist�s exquisite use of color is this painting�s most striking characteristic, for both its compositional and its psychological effects. Vermeer concentrated the two major colors in two distinct areas: a vibrant red for the hat and a sumptuous blue for the robe; he then used the intensity of the white cravat to unify the whole. Following in his father�s footsteps, Vermeer also was an art dealer in Delft. There is no documentation of his artistic training or apprenticeship, but in 1653 he became a master in the Saint Luke�s Guild in Delft; he would serve as head of that guild four times in the 1660s and 1670s. Although he was well regarded in his lifetime, he was heavily in debt when he died in 1675. Only in the late nineteenth century did Vermeer achieve widespread fame for his intimate genre scenes and quiet cityscapes.
Lady at the Virginals with a Gentleman
Lady at the Virginals w...
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1662-4
A Lady at the Virginal ...
 
Title Lady at the Virginals with a Gentleman
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1662-4
Description A Lady at the Virginal with a Gentleman entered the Royal Collection in 1762 as a work by Frans van Mieris the Elder owing to a misreading of the signature. Indeed, the name of the artist was not correctly identified until 1866 by Th_ophile Thor_. During the late seventeenth century the picture had been in collections in Delft, Vermeer�s home town, including that eventually sold on 16 May 1696 by Jacob Dissous which had twenty-one paintings by the artist - the largest group of such works assembled by a single individual. A lady at the virginal was subsequently acquired by the Venetian artist, Giovanni Antonio Pellegrini, in 1718 either in Amsterdam or The Hague. Pellegrini�s collection was bought by Consul Joseph Smith, who in turn sold his own collection to George III. By such a route did one of the greatest Dutch pictures in the Royal Collection arrive and to a certain extent the initial oversight regarding its importance has been more than adequately compensated for by the amount of scholarly attention that it now receives.
Lady Seated at a Virginal
Lady Seated at a Virgin...
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1670-74
Women seated at Virgina...
 
Title Lady Seated at a Virginal
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1670-74
Description Women seated at Virginal playing. Vermeer has captured the womens expression and the light beautifully.
Lady Standing at a Virginal
Lady Standing at a Virg...
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1670-73
Women standing at Virgi...
 
Title Lady Standing at a Virginal
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1670-73
Description Women standing at Virginal playing. Vermeer has captured the womens expression and the light beautifully.
Lady Writing a Letter with her Maid
Lady Writing a Letter w...
Vermeer, Johannes
Circa 1670_1671
Lady Writing a Letter w...
 
Title Lady Writing a Letter with her Maid
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date Circa 1670_1671
Description Lady Writing a Letter with her Maid is a painting by the Dutch artist Johannes Vermeer, completed between 1670_1671 and held in the National Gallery of Ireland. The work shows a middle-class woman attended by a maid who is presumably acting as messenger and go-between for the lady and her lover. The work is seen as a bridge between the quiet restraint and self-containment of Vermeer's work of the 1660s and his relatively cooler work of the 1670s.
Mistress and Maid
Mistress and Maid
Vermeer, Johannes
Circa 1666_67
The subject of writing ...
 
Title Mistress and Maid
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date Circa 1666_67
Description The subject of writing and receiving letters, which recurs frequently in Vermeer's work, is given an exceptional sense of dramatic tension in this painting of two women arrested in some moment of mysterious crisis. The lack of final modeling in the mistress' head and figure and the relatively plain background indicate that this late work by Vermeer was left unfinished. Nevertheless, the artist seldom if ever surpassed the subtly varied effects of light seen here as it gleams from the pearl jewelry, sparkles from the glass and silver objects on the table, and falls softly over the figures in their shadowy setting. Bought by Mr. Frick in 1919, the year of his death, this painting was his last purchase and joined Rembrandt�s Self-Portrait, Holbein�s Sir Thomas More, Bellini�s St. Francis, and Vel'zquez' King Philip IV among his favorite acquisitions. Source: Art in The Frick Collection: Paintings, Sculpture, Decorative Arts, New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996.
Officer and Laughing Girl
Officer and Laughing Gi...
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1657
In what may be one of t...
 
Title Officer and Laughing Girl
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1657
Description In what may be one of the first works of his mature style, Vermeer transforms the theme of a girl entertaining her suitor, already popular in Dutch art, into a dazzling study of light-filled space. The dark foil of the officer�s silhouette dramatizes both the illusion of depth and the brilliant play of light over the woman and the furnishings of the chamber. The map of Holland on the far wall, oriented with west at the top, was first published in 1621. Both the map and the chairs appear in other paintings by Vermeer. Source: Art in The Frick Collection: Paintings, Sculpture, Decorative Arts, New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996.
Study of a Young Woman
Study of a Young Woman
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1665-67
This may be one of the ...
 
Title Study of a Young Woman
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1665-67
Description This may be one of the three paintings by Vermeer that were described in an Amsterdam auction of 1696 as "A 'face' in an antique dress, uncommonly artful." Although a live model must have been employed, the artist's goal was not portraiture but a study of character and expression. Dutch pictures of this type, called tronies, often feature curious costumes and artistic effects, such as the fall of light on fine fabrics, soft skin, or a pearl earring.
The Art of Painting
The Art of Painting
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1666-68
The Art of Painting, al...
 
Title The Art of Painting
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1666-68
Description The Art of Painting, also known as The Allegory of Painting, or Painter in his Studio, is a 17th-century oil on canvas painting by Dutch painter Johannes Vermeer. Many art historians believe that it is an allegory of painting, hence the alternative title of the painting. After Vermeer's Christ in the House of Martha and Mary it is the largest work by the master. Its composition and iconography also make it the most complex Vermeer work of all.
The Astronome
The Astronome
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1668
The Astronomer is a pai...
 
Title The Astronome
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1668
Description The Astronomer is a painting finished in about 1668 by the Dutch painter Johannes Vermeer. It is oil on canvas, 51 cm x 45 cm (20 x 18 in), and is on display at the Louvre, Paris.
The Concert
The Concert
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1664
The Concert (c. 1664) i...
 
Title The Concert
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1664
Description The Concert (c. 1664) is a painting by Dutch painter Johannes Vermeer. The 69-centimeter-high by 63-centimeter-wide picture depicts a man and two women playing music. It belongs to the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston, but was stolen in 1990 and remains missing. It is thought to be the most valuable unrecovered stolen painting, with a value estimated at over $200,000,000.
The Geographer
The Geographer
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1669
The Geographer is a pai...
 
Title The Geographer
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1669
Description The Geographer is a painting created by Dutch artist Johannes Vermeer in 1668_1669, and is now in the collection of the St_delsches Kunstinstitut museum in Frankfurt, Germany.
The Girl with the Wine Glass
The Girl with the Wine ...
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1659-60
The Girl with the Wine ...
 
Title The Girl with the Wine Glass
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1659-60
Description The Girl with the Wine Glass (Dame en twee heren) is a 1659-1660 painting by Johannes Vermeer, now in the Herzog Anton Ulrich Museum in Braunschweig.
The Glass of Wine
The Glass of Wine
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1661
A lady in red, seated d...
 
Title The Glass of Wine
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1661
Description A lady in red, seated drinking wine as a man holds a pitcher, getting ready to pour her another Glass of Wine. In front of windown light.
The Guitar Player
The Guitar Player
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1670-72
This is a painting of a...
 
Title The Guitar Player
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1670-72
Description This is a painting of a young women playing the guitar. Vermeer has captured the womens expression and the light beautifully.
The Lacemaker
The Lacemaker
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1669_70
The Lacemaker is a pain...
 
Title The Lacemaker
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1669_70
Description The Lacemaker is a painting by the Dutch artist Johannes Vermeer (1632_1675), completed around 1669_1670 and held in the Louvre, Paris. The work shows a young woman dressed in a yellow shawl, holding up a pair of bobbins in her left hand as she carefully places a pin in the pillow on which she is making her bobbin lace. At 24.5 cm x 21 cm (9.6 in x 8.3 in), the work is the smallest of Vermeer's paintings, but in many ways one of his most abstract and unusual.The canvas used was cut from the same bolt as that used for A Young Woman Seated at the Virginals, and both paintings seem to have had identical dimensions originally.
The Little Street
The Little Street
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1658
This painting of a quie...
 
Title The Little Street
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1658
Description This painting of a quiet street with a few figures occupies an exceptional place in Vermeer�s oeuvre. Straight angles give the composition balance, while the triangle of the sky introduces a sense of dynamism. The old walls, coarse bricks, and white plasterwork are almost palpable. Vermeer nonetheless took some liberties with reality, such as the oversized green shutters.
The Love Letter
The Love Letter
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1669-70
Vermeer chose an unusua...
 
Title The Love Letter
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1669-70
Description Vermeer chose an unusual vantage point for this painting. From a dim space in the foreground, a glimpse is afforded of another room with a domestic scene. An elegantly dressed woman looks up expectantly at a maidservant, who has just handed her a letter. The seascape on the wall behind them may well allude to the epistle�s subject: during the 17th century, the sea was often compared to love, and the lover to a ship.
The Milkmaid
The Milkmaid
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1660
A maidservant pours mil...
 
Title The Milkmaid
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1660
Description A maidservant pours milk, entirely absorbed in her work. Except for the stream of milk, everything else is still. Vermeer took this simple everyday activity and made it the subject of an impressive painting _ the woman stands like a statue in the brightly lit room. Vermeer also had an eye for how light by means of hundreds of colourful dots plays over the surface of objects.
The Procuress
The Procuress
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1656
The Procuress is a 1656...
 
Title The Procuress
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1656
Description The Procuress is a 1656 oil-on-canvas painting by the 24-year-old Jan Vermeer. It can be seen in the Gem_ldegalerie Alte Meister in Dresden. It is his first genre painting and shows a scene of contemporary life, an image of mercenary love perhaps in a brothel. It differs from his earlier biblical and mythological scenes. It is one of only three paintings Vermeer signed and dated (the other two are The Astronomer and The Geographer).
View on Delft
View on Delft
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1660-61
View of Delft (Dutch: G...
 
Title View on Delft
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1660-61
Description View of Delft (Dutch: Gezicht op Delft) is an oil painting by Johannes Vermeer, painted ca. 1660_1661. The painting of the Dutch artist's hometown is among his most popular,[1] painted at a time when cityscapes were not commonplace. It is one of three known paintings of Delft by Vermeer, along with The Little Street and the lost painting House Standing in Delft.[2] The use of pointillism in the work suggests that it postdates The Little Street.
Woman Holding a Balance
Woman Holding a Balance
Vermeer, Johannes
Circa 1664
Woman Holding a Balance...
 
Title Woman Holding a Balance
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date Circa 1664
Description Woman Holding a Balance is a superb example of Johannes Vermeer�s exquisite sense of stability and rhythm. A woman dressed in a blue jacket with fur trim stands serenely at a table in a corner of a room. The scales in her right hand are at equilibrium, suggestive of her inner state of mind. A large painting of the Last Judgment, framed in black, hangs on the back wall of the room. A shimmering blue cloth, open boxes, two strands of pearls, and a gold chain lie on the sturdy table. Soft light comes in through the window and illuminates the scene. The woman is so pensive that the viewer almost hesitates to intrude on her quiet moment of contemplation. The visual juxtaposition of the woman and the Last Judgment is reinforced by thematic parallels: to judge is to weigh. This scene has religious implications that seem related to Saint Ignatius of Loyola�s instructions, in his Spiritual Exercises, that the faithful, prior to meditating, first examine their conscience and weigh their sins as if facing Judgment Day. Only such introspection could lead to virtuous choices along the path of life. Woman Holding a Balance thus allegorically urges us to conduct our lives with temperance and moderation. The woman is poised between the earthly treasures of gold and pearls and a visual reminder of the eternal consequences of her actions. Vermeer emphasized this message through his superbly refined composition and lighting. The hand holding the balance, for example, occupies a position directly in front of the frame�s dark corner, while the scales are set off against the bare plaster wall�an effect that Vermeer created through subtle spatial manipulation. Note, for instance, that the bottom of the Last Judgment�s frame is slightly higher to the left of the woman than it is behind her back, creating room for the balance.
Woman Holding a Water Pitcher
Woman Holding a Water P...
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1662
The essential subject o...
 
Title Woman Holding a Water Pitcher
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1662
Description The essential subject of this serene picture is an ideal woman in an ideal home. Her head and elegant costume are covered by linen scarves, which with the silver-gilt basin and pitcher and the open window suggest ablutions at the beginning of the day. A string of pearls emerges from the jewelry box. Balanced shapes and colors (mainly the primaries) enhance the harmonious mood. Works by Vermeer were newly known and coveted by American collectors of the Gilded Age: this canvas was the first of thirteen to enter the United States between 1887 and 1919.
Woman in Blue Reading a Letter
Woman in Blue Reading a...
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1663
Enjoying a quiet, priva...
 
Title Woman in Blue Reading a Letter
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1663
Description Enjoying a quiet, private moment, this young woman is absorbed in reading a letter in the morning light. She is still wearing her blue night jacket. All of the colours in the composition are secondary to its radiant lapis lazuli blue. Vermeer recorded the effects of light with extraordinary precision. Particularly innovative is his rendering of the woman�s skin with pale grey, and the shadows on the wall using light blue.
Woman with a Lute
Woman with a Lute
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1662_63
A young woman wearing a...
 
Title Woman with a Lute
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1662_63
Description A young woman wearing an ermine-trimmed jacket and a large pearl earring looks eagerly out the window while tuning a lute. The viola da gamba on the floor and songbooks on the table anticipate company. The figure is set within counterpoised rectangles, but Vermeer�s subtle light and shadows draw a veil over the calculated design. The picture is abraded, especially in the foreground, where the paint has also darkened with age.
Young Woman with a Pearl Necklace
Young Woman with a Pear...
Vermeer, Johannes
circa 1662
Young Woman with a Pear...
 
Title Young Woman with a Pearl Necklace
Creator Vermeer, Johannes
Date circa 1662
Description Young Woman with a Pearl Necklace looking out a window
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